Basic Computer

About Course:

adca In this era, a computer has become our basic need from google to Facebook, Flipkart to Amazon, online banking & ticket booking etc. everything is computerized now. IFDA's Basic Computer course is a certificate training where you know the best way of using a computer. Students who have passed the 10th standard are eligible to pursue a fundamental and easy Certification course. It is designed for candidates who are not aware much about using computers. It assists the candidates to have Knowledge about basic Computer courses and will also improve the typing speed of a person.

Being a cutting-edge kid you favor to have used, seen, or observe computers. this is regularly due to the fact they're a fundamental section of our everyday existence. Be it school, banks, shops, railway stations, sanatorium or your residence, computer systems are current everywhere, making our work simpler and faster for us. As they're such necessary parts of our lives, we must be aware of what they're and the way they function. allow us to begin with defining the time period pc formally.

The literal which means of pc may additionally be a system that will calculate. However, contemporary computer systems can do lots of pretty calculate. A computer is a system that receives input, stores or tactics the enter as per user guidelines and offers output in the desired format.

Input-Process-Output Model

Computer enter is named facts and therefore the output obtained after processing it supported user’s instructions is named information. Raw records and figures which can also be processed using arithmetic and logical operations to get statistics are called data.


The methods which will be utilized to facts are of two kinds −

  • Arithmetic operations − Examples consist of calculations like addition, subtraction, differentials, root, etc.
  • Logical operations − Examples include assessment operations like higher than, less than, equal to, opposite, etc.

Block Diagram

The fundamental components of a laptop are as follows −

  • Input Unit − Devices like keyboard and mouse that are wont to input file and instructions to the computer are referred to as entering the unit.
  • Output Unit − Devices like the printer and visual show unit that are wont to supply information to the consumer in the desired format are called output units.
  • Control Unit − Due to the fact the title suggests, this unit controls all the features of the computer. All gadgets or components of pc interact via the management unit.
  • Arithmetic Logic Unit − This is regularly the Genius of the pc the place all arithmetic operations and logical operations take place.
  • Memory − All enter files, directions, and data intervening time to the methods are saved inside the memory. Memory is of two sorts – foremost memory and secondary memory. Primary reminiscence resides inside the CPU whereas secondary memory is exterior there too.

Control unit, arithmetic good judgment unit, and memory are collectively referred to as the central processing unit or CPU. Computer devices like keyboard, mouse, printer, etc. that we will see and contact are the hardware components of a computer. The set of directions or applications that make the computer function the use of these hardware components are known as software. We can't see or touch software. Both hardware and software are fundamental for the working of a computer.

Characteristics of Computer

To understand why computers are such a quintessential a section of our lives, enable us to take a look at out a wide variety of its characteristics −

  • Speed − Typically, a computer can perform 3-4 million directions per second.
  • Accuracy − Computers show off an honestly high diploma of accuracy. Errors that will take place are common thanks to inaccurate data, wrong instructions or computer virus in chips – all human errors.
  • Reliability − Computers can operate identical kind of work repeatedly except throwing up blunders thanks to tiredness or boredom, which are quite common amongst humans.
  • Arithmetic Logic Unit − This is regularly the Genius of the pc the place all arithmetic operations and logical operations take place.
  • Versatility − Computers can operate a properly vary of labor from records entry and ticket reserving to complicated mathematical calculations and non-stop astronomical observations. If you may input the required statistics with correct instructions, pc will do the processing.
  • Storage Capacity − Computers can shop an honestly incredible deal of information at a fraction of the cost of common storage of files. Also, information is safe from normal put on and tear associated with paper.

Advantages of using Computer

Now that we all recognize the characteristics of computers, we will see the advantages that computers offer−

  • Computers can do an equal assignment repetitively with the same accuracy.
  • Computers don't get worn-out or bored.
  • Computers can take up hobbies' tasks whilst releasing human resources for greater sensible functions.

Disadvantages of using Computer

Despite several advantages, computers have some dangers of their personal −

  • Computers have not any intelligence; they observe the directions blindly besides considering the result.
  • Regular electric furnish is necessary to form computer systems work, which may want to show tough everywhere in particular in creating nations.
  • Computers can take up hobbies' tasks whilst releasing human resources for greater sensible functions.


Starting a laptop or a computer-embedded system is named booting. Booting takes area in two steps −

  • Switching on energy supply
    Loading OS into the computer’s main memory keeping all functions all through a country of readiness simply in case wished by means of the user. The first program or set of directions that run when the pc is switched on is named BIOS or Basic Input Output System. BIOS may be firmware, i.e. a bit of software completely programmed into the hardware.
    If a system is already jogging but ought to be restarted, it's referred to as rebooting. Rebooting may want to also be required if a software program or hardware has been set up or device is surprisingly slow.
  • There are two varieties of booting −
    1) Cold Booting: When the device is commenced by way of switching on the facility grant it's known as bloodless booting. the subsequent step in cold booting is a loading of BIOS.
    2) Warm Booting: When the machine is already jogging and desires to be restarted or rebooted, it's called heat booting. Warm booting is faster than the cold-booting because in this BIOS is not reloaded.

Historically computer systems were categorized regularly with processor types due to the fast development in processor and processing speeds were the developmental benchmarks. The earliest computers used vacuum tubes for processing, had been massive and broke down frequently. However, as vacuum tubes have been changed with the aid of transistors then chips, their measurement diminished and processing speeds improved manifold.

All present-day computer systems and computing units use microprocessors whose speeds and storage capacities are skyrocketing day through day. Computers are now categorized on the idea of their use or dimension −

  • Desktop
  • Laptop
  • Tablet
  • Server
  • Mainframe
  • Supercomputer

Let us check out of these varieties of computer systems intimately.

  • Desktop
    Desktop computer systems are personal computers (PCs) designed to be used by means of personal at a hard and quick location. IBM was once the major pc to introduce and popularize the use of desktops. A desktop unit typically facets a CPU (Central Processing Unit), monitor, keyboard, and mouse. The introduction of computers popularized the use of computer systems among folk due to the fact it was compact and affordable.
  • Laptop
    Despite its large popularity, computers gave thanks to a greater compact and transportable laptop called laptop in the 2000s. Laptops additionally are called pocketbook computers or simply notebooks. Laptops run using batteries and hook up with networks the use of Wi-Fi (Wireless Fidelity) chips. They even have chips for electricity efficiency in order that they will preserve energy every time possible and have an extended life.
    Modern laptops have enough processing strength and storage capacity to be used for all paperwork, internet site designing, software development, and even audio/video editing.
  • Tablet
    After laptops computers have been in addition miniaturized to advance machines that have the processing electricity of a desktop however are sufficiently small to be held in one’s palm. Tablets have the touch-sensitive screen of commonly 5 to 10 inches the place one finger is employed to the contact icons and invoke applications.
    The keyboard is moreover displayed actually each time required and used with contact strokes. Applications that run on drugs are referred to as apps. They use operating systems by means of Microsoft (Windows 8 and later versions) or Google (Android). Apple computers have developed their very own tablet called iPad which makes use of a proprietary OS referred to as iOS.
  • Server
    AServers are computers with excessive processing speeds that grant one or greater services to other structures on the network. they'll or might now not have monitors attached to them. a gaggle of computers or digital devices connected collectively to share resources is named a network.
    Servers have excessive processing powers and can also take care of more than one request simultaneously. most mainly observed servers on networks include −
      ~   File or storage server
      ~   Game server
      ~   Application server
      ~   Database server
      ~   Mail server
      ~   Print server
  • Mainframe
    Mainframes are computer systems employed with the aid of groups like banks, airlines, and railways to handle thousands and thousands and trillions of online transactions per second. Important features of mainframes are −
      ~   Big in size
      ~   Very expensive
      ~   Hundreds of instances Faster than servers, commonly hundred megabytes per second
      ~   Use proprietary OS supplied by using the manufacturers
      ~   In-built hardware, software program, and firmware safety measures
  • Supercomputer
    Supercomputers are the fastest computer systems on Earth. they're used for completing complex, quickly and time-intensive calculations for scientific and engineering applications. Supercomputer velocity or performance is measured in teraflops, i.e. 1012 floating-point operations per second.
    Chinese supercomputer Sunway Taihu Light is that the world’s quickest supercomputer with a ranking of 93 petaflops per second, i.e. ninety-three quadrillion floating-point operations per second.
    Most frequent makes use of supercomputers consist of −
      ~   Molecular mapping and research
      ~   Weather forecasting
      ~   Environmental research
      ~   Oil and fuel exploration

Basic Computer Course Content

  • About Computers
  • Hardware and Software
  • About Operating System and Windows OS
  • Using Windows 7,8,10
  • Working with Windows environment
  • Installing Programs
  • Creating files & folders
  • Using Pen Drive, CD, DVD & Various Storage Devices
  • MS-Paint
  • Notepad
  • Wordpad
  • Introduction &Word Basics
  • Advance Find and Replace Techniques
  • Inserting Graphics, Tables, Charts and Objects
  • Inserting and formatting Pictures, Charts etc.
  • Inserting and using Hyperlinks and bookmarks with Cross Reference.
  • Inserting Header, Footers and Page numbers with various variations.
  • Working with themes & Page backgrounds.
  • Using Referencing Tools, Spelling & Grammar
  • Using Mailing Feature with Advance Mail Merge Technique
  • Document Protection & Restrict Editing Setting
  • Introduction to Macros, Recording & Uses.
  • Clipboard operations & Paste Special
  • Font Formatting
  • Fill & Protection
  • Conditional Formatting
  • Sorting & Filtering
  • Pivot Tables
  • Charts
  • Slicer
  • Hyperlink
  • Smart Arts
  • About Formulas & Functions
  • Insert Functions
  • Lookup & Reference
  • Mathematical Functions
  • Functions Nesting and Advanced Uses.
  • Validation Techniques
  • Share Workbook
  • Protect Sheet
  • Running Macro
  • Intro slide
  • Outline slide
  • Content slide
  • Final slide
  • Slide show
  • Graphs/Diagrams
  • Templates & Fonts
  • Color
  • Animation
  • Introduction
  • WWW
  • Web Browsing Software
  • Configuring Web Browser
  • Search Engines
  • Downloading Web Page
  • About E-mail, Using E-mail
  • Handling Spam
  • Social Networking
  • Send SMS on Mobile
Why to choose IFDA for Basic Computer Course ?

IFDA has experienced & expert trainers who guide the students in a way that they can surely achieve their goals in the IT field. Whether you’re a student or a working person, this course is for all of them who want to improve their computer knowledge. In IFDA’s Basic Computer Course, Students are provided regular batches with individual attention which make them understand computer concept more easily. IFDA provides job-oriented training in the IT field with 100% job assistance.

Benefits of Basic Computer Course:

After the successful completion of this Basic Computer Course, you will have a very good knowledge of computers. And you will be able to work in any company where computer knowledge is required. Doing this course will bring fluency of MS-office, ability to build great charts, ability to collate data together and many more. This course will open the doors for better career prospects.IFDA also offers a session of internship to students where they will get the experience of working in a company with practical training.

JOB Opportunities:
  • Microsoft software trainer
  • Microsoft Excel Trainer
  • MIS Executive
  • Data Entry Operator
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